Diseases of the endocrine glands highlight the importance of hormonal and nutritional factors in the regulation of metabolism in human beings. Variations in nutritional value distress the activity of the endocrine glands resulting in serious disorders where the last era was marked by the conventional deficiency conditions, such as goiter, cretinism, hypothyroidism, and rickets. The rise of certain endocrine disorders, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes is marked by increased industrialisation combined with elevated junk food availability.
The long-established relation of Nutrition and endocrinology was well established with the evidence that ample nutrition is compulsory for statural growth later expanded with recognition of thyroid disorders resulting from iodine deficiency. The association between childhood obesity leading to the metabolic consequences in adult life is a matter of great concern during the last couple of decades
The adoption of healthy eating practices is essential in the efforts to improve health and prevent disease. Radical reforms and public education are important involving all the stakeholders to devise policies to overcome the burden of nutritional endocrine disorders.